Now you know the string names, we need to get your guitar in tune.
As a beginner I would recommend the best and simplist method is to use use an electronic guitar tuner. If you do not have one of these you can download an app for your smart phone or similar device. There are lots of free apps that do this.
GUITAR TUNER APP
You have to play each string individually.
When you play the string the device should tell you what note it is detacting. If the string is not in tune. The device you use should tell you if the string is too low in pitch or too high in pitch.
You must then adjust the tuning pegs to lower or higher the pitch until the device says it is in tune and on the correct note.
The way the strings notation works is quite logical. For example when playing the thickest string (the Big/low E string) the tuner needs to say that this is an E note. If the tuner says this note is a D note then you will have to tighten the string to raise the pitch of this note until it says E, as D is before E in the alphabet.
If it says this note is an F note then you will need to loosen the string to lower the pitch, as F comes after E in the alphabet. If you follow this principle then it shouldn’t be too difficult of a process to get used to.
Tuning can take a little time at first. Guitars need tuning on a regular basis so you should get used to this reasonably quickly.
If you tune a string up to pitch it will hold it’s tuning better.
If you tune the string down to pitch there will be a slight bit of looseness on the string as it winds around the tuning peg. As the string is played the sting will go out of tune quicker.
If you find the string is too high and needs to be loosened, loosen the string to below the desired pitch and then tune it up to pitch. This will help the string to stay in tune for longer.